King U-Thong Monument, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province
King U-Thong or King Ramathibodi I Monument located between the Wat Phra Ram and Wat Phra Sri San Phet at Naresuan Road. A riiver island city-state founded in 1350 A.D. by King U-Thong (later crowned King Ramathibodi I). King Ramathibodi I derived his name from Rama, the god Vishnu's reincarnation and the hero of Indian epic "Ramayana".
From the very beginning of his reign, King Ramathibodi I launched Ayutthaya on a vigorous diplomatic and military campaign, seeking domination of the entire The Chao Phraya River basin including the established northern kingdoms of Sukhothai and Chiang Mai, the Khmer kingdom including Angkor to the east, and major principalities to the west and south.
Significantly, Ramathibodi I promulgated the first recorded Thai law system. He also established a bureaucracy to administer his kingdom by creating the equivalents of the modern Ministries of the Interior, Royal Household (including Justice), Finance and Agriculture. His administrative system formed the basis of future Thai bureaucracy and survived in its original form until the late 19th century.

King U-Thong Monument, Ayutthaya Click to view larger map

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