Chiang Mai City from Doi Suthep

Chiang Mai, located in the northern highland 696 km from Bangkok, is the second largest metropolitan city of Thailand. Chiang Mai is truly the land of warm hospitality and nutural wealth. Though modernization has crept into this place for decades, Chiang Mai still retains its traditional charm and centuries-old culture. Its people are gentle, softspoken and proud of their heritage. Besides, the girls of Chiang Mai are also renowned for their good looks, fair complexion and hospitable manners.


Thailand Elephant Artist, Mae Tang

Chiang Mai, also Chiengmai or Kiangmai, city in northern Thailand, the capital of Chiang Mai Province, on the Ping River, about 130 km (about 80 mi) from the border with Burma. One of Thailand's largest cities, Chiang Mai is the chief economic center for the northern part of the country and the northern railroad terminus. Many tourists are attracted by the ruins of 13th- and 14th-century temples in the old section of the city, on the western bank of the river, and by the nearby Wat Phra Dhat Doi Suthep temple complex, believed to contain relics of Buddha. Besides tourism, industries include trade in locally produced teak and agricultural products, and the production of traditional silverware, lacquerware, pottery, and other handcrafted items. Chiang Mai University (1964) and the Northern Technical Institute (1957) are here. The Lao people constitute the city's main ethnic group. Chiang Mai was founded in 1296 on the site of an 11th-century settlement as the capital and religious center of the Lanna Thai Kingdom. It was part of Burma from 1558 until 1775. Thereafter, the city was semi-independent until it was incorporated into modern Thailand (Siam) in the late 19th century. Population (1990) 167,000.
Chiang Mai is administratively divided into 22 Amphoes (districts) : Muang, Chiang Dao, Chom Thong, Doi Saket, Doi Tao, Fang, Hang Dong, Hot, Mae Ai, Mae Chaem, Mae Rim, Mae Taeng, Omkoi, Phrao, Samoeng, San Kamphaeng, San Pa Tong, San Sai, Saraphi, Wiang Haeng, Chai Prakan, Mae Wang.

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Namtok Mae Klang


Following are the places most frequently visited by tourists and the numerous places of interest can be conveniently grouped in to the following routes :
Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest :
In the City
Night Market or Night Bazaars
Wat Phra Singh
Wat Suan Dok
Wat Chedi Luang
Wat Chiang Man
Wat Chiang Yuen
Wat Jao Mengrai
Wat Ku Tao
Wat Pun Saad
Wiang Kum Kam
Inthakhin or City Pillar
Lanna Khantoke Dinner
White Elephant Gate
Chiang Mai City Tourist Map

Northern Route

Doi Angkhang, Fang District
Huai Nam Dang National Park
Rafting on the Kok River of Tha Thon Village
Mae sa Snake Farm
Mae Sa Butterfly Farm
Mae Raem Orchid Garden
Mae Sa Waterfall National Park
Wat Oo-Mong
Elephant performances

  • Festival and Celebrates
  • Doi Suthep route
    Wat Phra Borommathat Doi Suthep
    Khruba Siwichai Monument
    Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
    Hmong Tribal Village-Doi Pui
    Wat Chet Yot
    Chiang Mai National Museum
    Huai Kaeo Arboretum
    Doi Tao Lake
    The Bhubing Palace
    Chiang Mai Zoo

    Western Route

    Doi Inthanon
    King Inthanon Memorial Shrine
    Namtok Mae Klang
    Op Luang National Park
    Phamahathart Chedis
    Wiang Tha Kan
    Huai Phak Phai Royal Project
    Silverware Factory
    Sang Ka Lok Ceramics Factory
    Wat Phra Borommathat Si Chom Thong
    Lacquerware Factory

    Eastern Route

    Borsarng Umbrell & Sankampaeng Handicrafts
    Wat Goo Come

    Chiang Mai City Tourist Map

    Climate: Cool Season: (late October to end of February). average temperature 21 'C and much cooler at night. The coolest months are December and January. Hot Season: (early March to end of May). Average temperature 29.9 'C. The hottest month is April Rainy Season: (early June to end of October). Average temperature 25.5 'C. The wettest month is September.
    History: Chiang Mai is an old city with a proud history. It was founded by King Mengrai (Pho Khun Mengrai Maharat ) who united several small tribes and called the new land A-Nachak Lanna Thai In 1259 after his father's death he ascended the throne at Yonok Nakhon and built Chiang Rai as his capital in 1262. In 1291 he decided to build a new city as the capital of Lanna Thai. He invited King Ramkhamhaeng (Pho Khun Ramkhamhaeng Maharat ) of Sukhothai Kingdom and King Ngam Muang (Pho Khun Ngam Muang) of Phayao Kingdom, his very close friends, to help select a site for the new city. They decided on a fertile plain between Doi Suthep Mountain and the bank of the Ping River.
    The new city was completed, surrounded by a moat and wall, in 1296. It was named "Nopphaburi Si Nakhonphing Chiang Mai".
    Chiang Mai was the capital of Lanna Thai for a long time. It was attacked frequently and finally came under the control of Ayutthaya, then Myanmar. In 1774 King Taksin of Thailand recovered it from the Myanmar. Since then Chiang Mai has been a province of Thailand.
    Culture:
    Perhaps the most important asset Chiang Mai can claim is its people. Their beauty, hospitality and good manners are legendary throughout Thailand. In the past, Chiang Mai has been a city of economic, religious and political importance. Present-day culture has very deep roots. Chiang Mai has its own dialect and its own cuisine. These have given it a sense of cultural security.
    Temples in Chiangmai
    Buddhist temples in Chiangmai show off a mixture of architectural styles that reflect the varied heritage of Northern Thailand. Elements from Lanna Thai, Burmese, Sri Lankan and Mon temples have all been used in one from or another. Intricate woodcarvings and protective Naga serpent staircases add a flamboyance that reflects an awesome reverence for the Buddhist religion. Gilded umbrellas, guardian figures from the tales of the Ramayana and stupas trimmed with god filigree combine to heighten the overall effect.
    To date, there have been some 300 temples constructed in Chiangmai an its outskirts. Visitors should take the time to visit the most revered temples in the city, built during the noble Lanna Thai dynasty.
    Transportation
    Airport, Train & Bus Terminals to Town. Most hotels provide free transportation from the Chiang Mai airport, railway station and bus terminal to their hotels. There is also a mini-bus (or song theao in Thai) service between airport and town.


    Festival and Celebrates :
    Chiang Mai celebrates many annual festivals. Three are particulary lively and lovely. These are the "Flower Carnival", the first Friday, Saturday and Sunday of every February: "Songkran", 13-15 April each year; and "Yee Peng" on the full moon day of the twelfth lunar month, generally mid-November.
    The Flower Carnival celebrates the period when Chiang Mai's temperate and tropical flowers are in full bloom and is characterised by colourful floral floats and parades.
    Songkran celebrates the traditional Thai New Year. Chiang Mai celebrates Songkran with special elation in a 3-day caruousel of religious merit-making, pilgrimages, beauty parades, dancing and uninhibited, good natured water throwing.
    Yee Peng is Thailand's loveliest festival when, under the full moon, people float away onto rivers, canals, lakes and streams banana-leaf boats bearing a lighted candle, incense, a flower and small coin to honour water spirits and float away the past year's sins.




    Chaingmai Province Click to see in large